Samuel C. Palmer


Company Names, addresses, dates1:
  Palmer & Green, 57 Greene Georgetown (1872-1874)
  S. C. Palmer, 57 Greene Georgetown (1875-1880)
  S. C. Palmer, 1224 29th NW (1881-1892)
  S. C. Palmer, 615 D SW (1888-1898)
  Samuel C Palmer agent for Joseph Schlitz Brewing Co, 615 D SW (1892-1897)
  Samuel C. Palmer, 1066 32d street NW (1899-1907)
  Samuel C. Palmer, 1066 Wis Ave NW (1908-1911)
  S.C. Palmer Co, 1066 Wis Ave NW (1912-1940)
  Palmer Brand, Washington DC
sc_palmer Samuel C. Palmer

Notes:
Samuel Claxton Palmer was born 1839 in Washington DC. He started as a clerk in May 1861 working for Arny & Shinn's bottling company at 57 Greene Street in Georgetown . In 1871 he and Robert M. Green purchased the bottling company from Riley Shinn. In February 1874, Green withdrew from the company and moved to Philadelphia, leaving Palmer as the sole proprietor.2
In 1884, Palmer bottled lemon soda, sarsaparilla, ginger ale, and other carbonated beverages, and was also an agent for both the Wm. Massey Brewing Company and the Jos. Schlitz Brewing Company. He employed 35 to 50 men and boys and had 12 to 15 wagons to deliver goods in that year. 2

Palmer's address of 57 Greene Street in Georgetown changed to 1224 29th Street in 1881, but this was simply because Washington DC renamed Greene Street to 29th Street, and re-numbered the addresses (so it was the same building). For more information about the pedigree of companies at this building that lead up to the Samual Palmer's company, see Corner of Olive & Greene Streets .

Palmer's bottling plant at 1066 32nd street NW, which was later designated as 1066 Wisconsin Avenue after a street name change, had previously been a fire house.

The following information came from a descendant of Samuel Palmer:
    Upon his death the bottling company passed to Samuel's son, Roy Massey Palmer, and his four sisters, Blanch, Rose, Grace, and Helen.
At one point they were approached by a grocery chain with an inquiry as to whether the company would like to be their house bottler. However, the 4 sisters thought this company to be too common and beneath their name and refused the idea of this business partnership. That company, the Asia and Pacific Trading Company (A&P), went on to fabulous success.


Palmer & Green Bottles:
p_and_g book # 511
This is one bottle (front & back pictured). It's a 7.2" aqua blob top embossed:
front: PALMER & GREEN / GEORGETOWN, D.C.
back: P & G / THIS BOTTLE IS / NEVER SOLD




Palmer Bottles:
palmer_01 book # 493
This is a 7" squat blob top bottle embossed:
front in block letters: S.C. PALMER
front in regular letters: GEORGETOWN / D.C.
back in block letters: P
back in regular letters: THIS BOTTLE IS / NEVER SOLD
palmer_12 book # 495
These are 7.3" bottles with gravitating stopper tops. The left one is aqua, the middle one is amber, and the right one is light green. They're embossed:
front: S.C. PALMER / GEORGETOWN / D.C.
back: THIS BOTTLE / IS NEVER SOLD
base: GRAVITATING STOPPER / MADE BY / JOHN MATHEWS / PAT / OCT 11 / 1864 / NEW YORK
palmer_12bot This is a close-up of the base of the aqua bottle above.
palmer1 book # 496 (amber) & 497 (aqua)
These gravitating stopper bottles are similar to the ones above except they say WASHINGTON instead of GEORGETOWN, and they are blank on the base. They are 7" tall except the one on the right which is 7.5". The one on the right still has the glass stopper inside of it. The one in the center is amber, the other 2 are aqua. All 3 are embossed:
front: S.C. PALMER / WASHINGTON / D.C.
back: THIS BOTTLE / IS NEVER SOLD
mod_01 rubbing_01 book # 497 (center bottle)
The center bottle of the 3 bottles shown to the left was made from a mold that had the word "GEORGETOWN" peened out and the word "WASHINGTON" added above it. It doesn't show up too well in the photo, so I took a rubbing of the bottle. I photographed the 3 bottles to compare them. The word "GEORGETOWN" on the left bottle is lower than the word "WASHINGTON" on the right bottle.
Georgetown was assimilated into Washington DC about 1880, and Palmer opened up a 2nd bottling location that was outside of Georgetown about 1888 - so this bottle was probably from about that time period.
palmer_02 book # 498
This is a 9.3" aqua baltimore-loop top bottle embossed:
round slug plate: S.C. PALMER / WASHINGTON / D.C. / REGISTERED
palmer_27 book # 498
This is the same as the bottle above, except the "D.C." and the "REGISTERED" are reversed. It's a 9" aqua baltimore-loop top bottle embossed:
round slug plate: S.C. PALMER / WASHINGTON / REGISTERED / D.C.
palmer_29 book # 498
This is a 9.25" aqua blob top bottle embossed:
round slug plate: S.C. PALMER / WASHINGTON / D.C.
back: THIS BOTTLE / NOT TO / BE SOLD
palmer_03 book # 499
This is a 9.5" amber blob top bottle embossed:
round slug plate: S.C. PALMER / GEORGETOWN / D.C.
back: THIS / BOTTLE / IS NEVER SOLD
base: A&DHC
palmer_23 book # 499
This is identical to the bottle above, except it's aqua and still has the metal stopper. It's embossed:
round slug plate: S.C. PALMER / GEORGETOWN / D.C.
back: THIS / BOTTLE / IS NEVER SOLD
palmer_04 book # 500
This is a 9.3" aqua blob top (front & back views shown), embossed:
front: S. C. PALMER / WASHINGTON / D C
back in fancy intertwined letters: SCP
palmer_05 book # 501
This is a 7.5" aqua blob top top bottle embossed:
vertical on front: S.C. PALMER / GEORGETOWN, D.C.
vertical on back: THIS BOTTLE / IS / NEVER SOLD
palmer_09 book # 503
These are a 7.4" aqua short blob top bottles embossed:
round slug plate: SAML C. PALMER / WASHINGTON, D.C.
base: F
The one on the right is identical to the one on the left, except it has a metal ring with a metal lever that swivels.
palmer_22 book # 503
This bottle is the same as the 2 above, except that it has the stopper intact. The stopper was patented on March 3rd, 1885 by Frederick B. Thatcher. It's patent # 313253. I photographed it without backlighting so you can see the stopper more clearly.
round slug plate: SAML C. PALMER / WASHINGTON, D.C.
base: F
palmer_06 book # 504
These are a 9.5" and 9.3" crown top bottles. Left is sun colored amethyst, and the right one is aqua. They are both embossed:
round slug plate: S. C. PALMER / WASHINGTON / D.C. / REGISTERED
palmer_07 book # 504
This is similar to the bottles above, but with a different arrangement in the slug plate. It's a 7.8" sun colored amethyst crown top bottle embossed:
round slug plate: S. C. PALMER / WASHINGTON D.C.
below slug plate: REGISTERED / THIS BOTTLE / IS NEVER SOLD
palmer_10 book # 504
This is an 11.9" (picnic sized) clear machine-made crown top embossed:
round slug plate: S.C.PALMER / WASHINGTON / D.C. / REGISTERED
palmer_13 book # 506
This has yet another different arrangement in the slug plate. It's an 8.5" aqua crown top bottle (with cap), embossed:
shoulder: REGISTERED
round slug plate: SAML. C. PALMER / WASHINGTON, / D.C.
below slug plate: THIS BOTTLE IS NEVER SOLD
base: C384
palmer_14 book # 506
This one has an oval shaped slug plate, with a large empty area in the middle (possibly to hold a label?).
It's a 9" aqua crown top embossed:
above slug plate: REGISTERED
oval slug plate: SAML. C. PALMER CO./ WASHINGTON, D.C.
base: S.C.P.
palmer_08 book # 506 (upside-down slugplate is 507)
These bottles are embossed the same, except that the left one has an upside-down slug plate!
They're 7.5" aqua crown top bottles embossed:
oval slug plate: SAML. C. PALMER / WASHINGTON, / D.C. / REGISTERED
below slug plate: THIS BOTTLE NOT TO BE SOLD
palmer_11 book # 506
These 7.5" aqua crown top bottles are similar to the above ones, but with minor differences. left one is embossed:
shoulder: CONTENTS 8 OZ.
oval slug plate: SAML. C. PALMER / CO / WASHINGTON, / D.C. / REGISTERED
below slug plate: THIS BOTTLE NOT TO BE SOLD
base: S.C.P.
The right one is identical except that it doesn't say "CONTENTS 8 OZ." on the shoulder.
palmer_15 book # 506
This is identical to the bottle on the right above, except for the color. It is a 7.5" sun colored amethyst crown top bottle embossed:
oval slug plate: SAML. C. PALMER / CO / WASHINGTON, / D.C. / REGISTERED
below slug plate: 8 OUNCES / THIS BOTTLE NOT TO BE SOLD
base: S.C.P.
palmer_18 book # 506
This is an 11.5" (picnic sized) blue-aqua machine-made crown top embossed:
round slug plate: SAML. C. PALMER / CO. / WASHINGTON DC
below slug plate: REGISTERED
base: SCP
palmer_16 book # 508
This is a 9.9" clear machine-made crown top bottle with bottle cap still on it and liquid still in it, with a white & red applied color label:
front: PALMER BEST SINCE 1843 / SPARKLING SODA / Purified by Ultra-Violet Rays / SAMUEL C. PALMER CO., INC./ WASHINGTON, D.C.
back: CONTAINS: / Carbonated Water, Cane Sugar, / Hearts of Fruit, Essential Oils, / Extract and Compound, / Herbs, Citric Acid, Ginger, / Vegetable Color and Caramel./ CONTENTS 15 FL. OZS.
base: 239 B 8
It also has a paper label on top that says:
SERVE SELTZER ICE COLD / Pure filtered Carbonated Water/ Bottled under the supervision of / RABBI Manuel M. Poliakoff / California Beverage Co., Baltimore Md.
palmer_21 book # 509
This is an 11.8" (picnic-sized) aqua machine-made crown top embossed:
front: Palmer / FULL QUART 32 OZ
back: Palmer / FULL QUART 32 OZ
base: PROPERTY OF S C PALMER CO INC / WASH DC
palmer_26 book # 509-c
This is identical to the bottle above, except it's clear glass, and it has a label:
label: CONTENTS 1 QUART / PALMER / SINCE 1843 / (picture of man in top hat holding glass) / STRAWBERRY / ... / WASHINGTON DC
palmer_17 book # 510
These are 8" machine-made crown top bottles. Left one is aqua, right one is clear. They are both embossed:
front & back shoulders: Palmer / BRAND
front heel: 8 FLU. OZS. / WASHINGTON, D.C.
back heel: PROPERTY OF / S.C. PALMER CO INC
base in script: Palmer
palmer_20 book # 510
These are 11.3" (picnic-sized) machine-made crown top bottles. Left is green, right is aqua. They are both embossed:
front & back shoulders: Palmer / BRAND
front heel: ONE PINT 8 OUNCES / WASHINGTON, D.C.
back heel: PROPERTY OF / S.C. PALMER CO INC
base in script: Palmer




Palmer Seltzer Bottles:
palmer_31 book # 12 (in syphon-seltzer section of the book)
This is a 9" (10.7" with the metal top) syphon seltzer bottle with a red Applied Color label:
front: CONTENTS 25 FL. 0ZS. / PALMER / BEST SINCE 1843 (picture of man in top hat) / CARBONATED / SPARKLING WATER / Purified by Ultra-Violet Rays / SAMUEL C. PALMER CO. INC / WASHINGTON, D.C.
palmer_19 book # 15 (in syphon-seltzer section of the book)
This is a 9.5" (11.2" with the metal top) syphon seltzer bottle embossed:
front: SAM'L. C. PALMER CO. INC / REGISTERED 1914 / WASHINGTON,D.C. / CONTENTS-26-0Z.
metal top: SAM'L C PALMER CO INC.



Other Items:
Palmer bottlecap This is a bottle cap from a Palmer Brand soda bottle. From what I can make out, it says something like "Palmer Brand Washington DC" around the edges. In the center, I can make out:
Palmer / BRAND / ARTIFICIAL / GRAPE / ARTIFICIAL COLOR / --- 11 --- / MIN CONTS ??
palmer_cap_01 This is another bottle cap. It has a picture of a dapper gentleman with a tall hat. It's marked:
PALMER / SINCE 1843 / PALE DRY GINGER ALE
palmer_cap_02 This is another bottle cap. It's marked:
S.C. PALMER COMPANY INC / Palmer / LEMON / SODA / MIN CONTS 6 OZ. / WASHINGTON DC
palmer_cap_03 This is another bottle cap. It's marked:
S.C. PALMER CO. INC / ARTIFICIAL FLAVOR / AND / COLOR / Palmer / BRAND / IMITATION / ORANGE / WASHINGTON D.C.
palmer_cap_04 This is another bottle cap. It's marked:
S.C. PALMER CO. INC. / Palmer / BRAND / GINGER ALE / COLORED WITH CARAMEL / MIN. CONTS. 7 OZ. / WASHINGTON, D.C.
palmer_28 This is a bottle opener - front and back shown. It says:
front: THE S. C. PALMER CO. / WASHINGTON D.C.
back: PALMER BRAND / HIGH GRADE SODA
palmer_30 This is a colorful label from a bottle of Samuel Palmer's Sarsaparilla. It says:
label: ONE AND ONE HALF PINTS NET WEIGHT / Palco / SARSAPARILLA / SAMUEL C. PALMER CO. INC. / WASHINGTON, D.C.

The background of the label depicts a waterfall, which could be the Great Falls of the Potomac River.
palmer_24 This is a letter written on a printed receipt. The letterhead says:
letterhead: DEPOTS, 615 to 621 D Street, S.W., and 1224 29th Street, N.W. / Washington, D.C. ____ 188 / Bought of SAMUEL C. PALMER, / SODA AND MINERAL WATER MANUFACTURER / Agent for WM. MASSEY BREWING CO.'S Philadelphia Draught Ale, Porter and Brown Stout, / And JOS. SCHLITZ BREWING CO.'S MILWAUKEE LAGER BEER / TERMS, CASH. CASKS AND BOTTLES TO BE RETURNED
(in square on left): BOTTLER / OF / PORTER, ALE, CIDER, AND MINERAL WATERS, / DEALER IN / CLARIFIED CIDER, VINEGAR, / Imported Ale, Brown Stout, / BELFAST GINGER ALE

The letter is from a son to a Father, asking for an estimate to build a porch. I beleive it was written by Samuel Palmer to his father, because of the letterhead, and because it was signed "yours, Sam". Also, the 1850 Census lists Palmer's father's occupation as "Merchant & Carpenter".
palmer_34 This is an advertisement, probably from the 1890's. It says:
advertisement: SAMUEL C. PALMER, ESTABLISHED 1861 SPECIALTIES.- BELFAST GINGER ALE. CALIFORNIA ORANGE CIDER. FAVORATE CREAM ROOT BEER. CRAB CIDER CHAMPAGNE. SARSPARILLA. LEMON SODA, &c. / MANUFACTURER OF SODA AND MINERAL WATERS / IN FOUNTS, SYPHONS AND BOTTLES. Soda Water Syrups of all Flavors. AGENT FOR SCHLITZ'S MILWAUKEE LAGER BEER. Depots, 615-621 D St. S.W., Washington, D.C.
I've never heard of "crab cider champagne" before - I'd like to try it.
palmer_32 This is a wooden crate. It says in black lettering:
sides: RETURN TO / S.C. PALMER CO. / WASHINGTON D.C. / PHONE WEST-0190
ends: (cant make it out)
palmer_33 This is another wooden crate. It says:
sides (in black): PALMER / GINGER ALE
ends (in red): PALMER / 1935
Based on the size of the 12 pockets, I'd say this one carried syphon-seltzer bottles.



1 Boyd's Directory for the District of Columbia (various years)
2 Historical & Commercial Sketches of Washington, 1884, compiled by E.E. Barton, p.126



Back to my bottle home page.


This page last updated on October 15, 2016.